Most of the automobiles on the roads today continue to move with conventional engines. Petrol and diesel are the predominant fuels. However, the environmental performance of these fuels is anything but green. For some years, not only the demand for alternatives has been increasing, but also the number offer of new technologies. Scientists from the Institute for Energy and Climate Research have now compared battery and fuel cell in a study and evaluated their profitability.
In order to create economic and technically feasible solutions for the conversion of energy system towards renewable energy sources, the Federal Ministry of Education and Research initiated the four Kopernikus projects. The partial project SynErgie investigates how energy-intense industrial processes can be flexibilized to adjust the industrial electricity consumption to a fluctuating electricity supply from renewable sources.
The Institute for General Mechanics (IAM) of the RWTH Aachen University and the Institute for Energy and Climate Research, Electrochemical Process Engineering (IEK-3) of the Research Center Jülich have been working together for a long time. The two institutes are managed by two JARA-ENERGY scientists, Prof. Bernd Markert (IAM) and Prof. Detlef Stolten (IEK-3).
The common goal is the research, development and optimization of porous materials as central components of electrochemical energy conversion equipment. A recent joint study aims to improve the design of Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells (PEFC) by a deep understanding of the functionality and optimization of the design of the porous gas diffusion layer (GDL), the main gate of reactants from the gas channels to the catalyst layer of the PEFC.
Prof. Madlener (JARA-ENERGY) attends the Editorial Board Member Meeting 2017 of Applied Energy and the 9th International Conference on Applied Energy (ICAE) 2017 on “Energizing the Future” in Cardiff, Wales (UK), where he gives a presentation on “System Cost Uncertainty of Micro Fuel Cell Cogeneration and Storage” (joint work with Laurens Löbberding). He is accompanied by Kai Risthaus who presents a joint paper on “Economic Analysis of Electricity Storage Based on Heat Pumps and Thermal Storage Units in Large-Scale Thermal Power Plants.
A transonic centrifugal compressor was aerodynamically optimized at the Institute of Jet Propulsion and Turbomachinery, headed by JARA-ENERGY member Prof. Peter Jeschke, by means of a numerical optimization process. The main applications of these compressors are among others turbochargers of ships, power stations, diesel locomotives, or small gas turbines, small jet engines and auxiliary power units.
In order to provide help for the forging operator the IBF is working on very fast forging simulation models. With these models it is possible to simulate the current pass much faster than in real time. This method has been tested on industrial scale forging presses.
The projects (Energy oriented Center of Excellence EoCoE) aim is to strengthen Europe’s existing leadership in high-performance computing (HPC) and accelerate the transition to a reliable and low carbon energy supply.
Si-Air batteries are currently an interesting perspective for the development of next generation batteries. Unfortunately, nowadays realized prototypes do not reach the theoretical capacity. The group Applied Interface Electrochemistry led by JARA-ENERGY member Juniorprofessor Dr. Florian Hausen is investigating the evolution of the surface structure in order to gain a better understanding of the...
The Institute for Materials Applications in Mechanical Engineering of RWTH Aachen University, headed by JARA-ENERGY member Prof. Christoph Broeckmann, work (among other subjects) on the challenge to adjust cast iron perfectly to the use for wind turbins.
Surface engineering institute (IOT) at RWTH Aachen University, headed by JARA-ENERGY member Prof. Kirsten Bobzin, is one of the leading research institutes in the fields of PVD coating technology, thermal spraying and brazing technology.
DESCRAMBLE is a EU Horizon 2020 project funded within the “Low Carbon Energy” call: “Developing the next generation technologies of renewable electricity and heating/cooling”. The Institute for Applied Geophysics and Geothermal Energy, headed by JARA-ENERGY member Prof. Christoph Clauser, will accompany the drilling effort with reliable predictions of the physical quantities, like temperature, natural flow or rock properties, of the reservoir on regional and local scale.
Since autumn 2015 Prof. H. Vereecken, Institute of Bio- and Geosciences, Agrosphere (IBG-3) from Jülich Research Centre and Prof. C. Clauer, Institute for Applied Geophysics and Geothermal Energy (E.ON Energy Research Center) from RWTH Aachen University, both JARA-ENERGY members, are participants in the Energy Oriented Centre of Excellence for computing applications (EoCoE, ).
Triggered by the growing demand for systems analysis underpinned by the intensive evaluation of technological innovations awaiting commercialization and conventional, already commercialized technologies, the interlinking of engineering and the natural sciences with economic and social science competencies is increasingly important. This reflects...
On April the 5th, Prof. Johanna Wanka, Federal Minister of Education and Research, announced funding for four Copernicus projects for the transformation of the energy sector. The Power-To-X project coordinated by RWTH Aachen University, Forschungszentrum Jülich, and DECHEMA was among those selected.
Energy storage systems are indispensable for a reliable, economical and environmentally friendly energy supply. However the expansion of the only well-known short- and medium-term storage technology, pumped storage plants (PSW), is limited.
The Institute of Crystallography (IfK) at RWTH Aachen University and the Institute of Energy and Climate Research (IEK) -6 of Forschungszentrum Jülich cooperate, inter alia, within the framework of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) funded joint project "Conditioning" (Fundamental studies for immobilizing long-lived radionuclides by incorporation into repository relevant ceramics).
Increasing population and growing industries and the associated increased energy consumption in emerging Asian economies result in enhanced emissions of greenhouse gases, ozone-depleting substances, and pollution in this region. IEK-7 has already published some basic studies related to the topic of transport processes in the region of the Asian monsoon (Konopka et al., JGR, 2010; Ploeger et al., JGR, 2013; Vogel et al, ACP, 2014; Ploeger et al., ACP, 2015; Vogel et al, ACP, 2015).