The European Physical Society is awarding this year's Giuseppe and Vanna Cocconi Prize to the Borexino Collaboration. The Collaboration receives the prize for its ground-breaking observation of solar neutrinos, which provided unique and comprehensive insights into the Sun as a nuclear fusion engine.
The European Research Council (ERC) selected the project EXOTIC (Emergent Complexity from Strong Interactions) of Prof. Ulf G. Meißner (JARA-FAME) for funding by an ERC Advanced Grant. The ERC Advanced Grant is endowed with approximately 2.3 million euros.
Scientists involved in the Borexino Collaboration have for the first time proven the existence of the CNO fusion cycle in nature. They detected solar neutrinos originating in this process, subordinate in our sun. Prof. Livia Ludhova, member of JARA-FAME, is one of the scientific coordinators of the Borexino collaboration.
A big question of science is why and where antimatter disappeared after the big bang. Numerous projects around the world are working to answer this question. The T2K experiment is also dedicated to the study of antimatter. Now, analysis of the data obtained during the experiment has revealed signs of differences between matter and antimatter. These differences could be a step towards unravelling the matter-antimatter asymmetry.
As the first prize winner, Dr. Christoph Genster received the "JUNO PhD thesis award 2019" in Nanning, South China. During the JUNO Collaboration Meeting in January 2020 the young scientist was awarded for his PhD thesis.
After a careful design, optimization and test phase at an external beamline of the Cooler Synchrotron COSY of Forschungszentrum Jülich (FZJ), the JEDI polarimeter (JePo) has recently been installed into the storage ring. It replaces the venerable EDDA detector, which was one of the earliest experimental installations in COSY, used for investigations of unpolarized, single and double polarized proton-proton elastic scattering experiments.
To explain the interaction of the different components of the universe, modern physics uses the four fundamental interactions of the Standard Model of elementary particles. However, these fundamental pillars are not sufficient to answer all questions. A new Europe-wide project will now investigate the strong interactions in order to find answers to the open questions in this area. The Institute of Nuclear Physics at Forschungszentrum Jülich is involved in the STRONG-2020 project.
At the Swiss large-scale research facility CERN (Conseil Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire), scientists were able to detect the decay of the Higgs particle into so-called b quarks for the first time. A CMS detector was used to carry out the investigations, and researchers from the Chair of Experimental Physics III B, headed by JARA-FAME member Prof. Achim Stahl, played a key role in its development.
The Alpha-Magnet-Spectrometer (AMS) installed on the International Space Station requires a new cooling system. Therefore scientists of the I. Physics Institute of the RWTH, under the direction of JARA-FAME member Prof. Stefan Schael, are working on the development of a new system, which will be installed and put into operation at the beginning of 2019 at the AMS experiment. Further information in German.
The JARA-FAME Annual Report 2015 gives an overview about the different occurrences like events, honours and research results. The reports also contains a current list of JARA members and involved institutes. Research reports give a summery about the work an development of the section.
On 17 January 2013, an event was held to officially mark the foundation of the new JARA-FAME (Forces and Matter Experiments). JARA-FAME is concerned with basic physical research in the field of nuclear and particle physics, and aims to investigate and improve our understanding of matter-antimatter asymmetry in the universe. This asymmetry ultimately holds the key to our existence.